Project Title: Flood Recovery Project through Community Infrastructure and Livelihood Recovery Programme (CILRP)
Funding Agency: UNDP
Project Period: October 12, 2017, to February 28, 2018
Project Target Area: Rautahat District
Nepal experienced a period of sustained heavy rainfall from the second week of August 2017, resulting in large-scale adverse impacts on lives, livelihoods, and infrastructure across 32 of 75 districts. According to the Ministry of Home Affairs (MoHA), over 80 percent of land in the Terai – along Nepal’s southern border with India and Nepal’s breadbasket – was inundated floodwaters following the heaviest recorded rainfall in the central and western regions in the last 60 years. A total of 143 people died, 43 were injured, and 30 are still missing due to rain-induced flood and landslides. 1.7 million people have been affected, the majority of whom are concentrated in 10 districts in the Terai. A total of 460,000 people from 91,400 families have been displaced, and nearly 65,000 houses have been completely destroyed. In Rautahat, around 300,000 people from over 30,000 flood-displaced households. Meanwhile, the Ministry of Federal Affairs and Local Development (MoFALD) had directed all District Disaster Relief Committees (DDRCs) to support the repair of damaged local roads in the flood-affected areas.
RDC Nepal, along with UNDP Nepal and the Government of Nepal, most importantly, the Municipality Office, Heads of Ward Office and District Livestock Service Office (DLSO) have been responsible at different tiers of hierarchy in both site and beneficiary selection. All the activities have been initiated through the User Committees (UCs) formed at each selected site. Tri-party agreement between the partner NGO, a local authorized government body (either ward office or municipality office) and User Committees (UC) has been made mandatory to initiate the implementation.
The implementation was focused on Critical Community Infrastructure Rehabilitation and Livelihood Resumption
Special areas of focus included:
1. Rehabilitation of Critical Community Infrastructures:
- Earthen road repair & reconstruction
- Maintenance & reconstruction of culverts
2. Livelihood Resumption
- Health camps organized
- Composite vegetable seed distribution
- Livestock restocking with required vaccination and insurance
- Training on the importance of animal vaccination and insurance
- To repair and reconstruct road and culverts.
- To support in recommencement of livelihood.
- Formation of municipal level project advisory committee (MPAC).
- Establishment and operation of Community Information and Service Facilitation Centre through youth mobilization.
- Establishment of Youth Volunteers Centre (YVC) for the promotion of volunteerism.
- Formation and engagement with Inter-faith council Inter-religion motivational conference.
- Inter-religion motivational conference.
Poor, women, disabled, Dalit, Muslim, disadvantaged people and other related groups of Rautahat.
Composite vegetable seed distribution and resumption of livelihoods:
- A total of 3,000 HHs benefited from composite vegetable seed distribution and resumption of livelihoods.
- 100% were the most affected HHs (20% Dalit, 40% Muslim and 40% others).
- 40% were women out of the total beneficiaries.
In terms of access to public services:
- A total of 21 critical community infrastructures (10 earthen road repair and 11 culverts) have been completed through the User Committees (UC) in partnership with local municipalities.
- The infrastructures have provided continuous public access to 3800 households (15% Dalit, 35% Muslim and 50% others).
- Over 6772 people have benefitted from cash for work approach enabling them to meet their household needs.
- 21 critical community infrastructures 10 of earthen roads and 11 of culverts were rehabilitated. The infrastructures have provided continuous public access to 3800 households.
- During the construction, the community contributed human resource worth NPR 230,000 (unskilled/ skilled labor) while the municipality offices of Isnath Municipality, Rautahat contributed a total of NPR 230,000 to complete 1 of roads scheme. This has enabled them to meet their household needs and contribute to rebuilding their flood-damaged houses. So far, 6772 people were engaged to re-built/ rehabilitate their houses.
- 3 free health camps were successfully conducted at Rajdevi, Ishnath and Paroha municipality. This has benefited 2622 animals 213 of cows, 1902 of goats, 507 of buffaloes of 694 farming households.
- A total of 3000 households from Isnath, Gaur, Paroha, Rajpur, and Dewahi-Gonahi municipalities and Durgabhagwati and Yamunaimai rural-municipalities were selected for vegetable seed distribution. This is expected to increase both nutrition and livelihood of people; 60% of Dalit, 20 % of Muslim and 20% of others.
- 600 Households from Paroha, Rajpur and Gaur municipalities were selected for livestock restocking. Each household was provided with vaccinated Goat worth of NPR 3,000,000. As a result, 600 Goats were distributed benefiting 15 % of Dalit, 45 % of others and 40 % of Muslim.
- Premiere Insurance was selected under the recommendation of DLSO which helped in providing insurance of the distributed animals. 75% of the total insured amount was provided by the government while 25% was invested by each household for the insurance.
- While doing insurance, neighbor people also have taken the advantage of insurance as they were unaware of this earlier.
- A total of 600 families who were provided with livestock were given training on the importance of vaccination and insurance. DLSO and premier insurance facilitated the training.
- Two phases of local elections (18th September 2017 and Provincial election on 7th December 2017) interrupted the implementing process due to the Election Code of Conduct Issue.
- Local festivals from 27th September – 26th October 2017 (Deepawali/Tihar and Chhath) slowed down the implementation process at the field.
- The cold wave during the winter season (December 2017 - January 2018) made it more difficult for the local community to contribute on infrastructure work while the livestock restocking had to be kept on hold to avoid mortality of cattle and poultry to be distributed.
- In the process of identifying and selecting the beneficiaries for transparent and political influence free selection process Local Government Officials, representatives/technical experts from District Livestock Service Office (DLSO), Users’ Committee members and NGO partners had been involved.
- There had been cost sharing agreements with the municipality offices for 1 scheme.
- 21 of the schemes had community contribution showing a high level of liability and accountability.
- This (cost sharing agreements with the municipality and community contribution) was expected to contribute towards community ownership and ultimately, sustainability of the schemes.
Gender Focused Initiatives:
- The activities of the project were implemented through 25 User Committees. Among the total of 130 active User Committees members, 38 % were female. This exceeded the requirement of one third women participation in participatory planning and decision-making set forth at the onset of the project.
- During implementation, among the total of 3000 HHs benefitting from composite vegetable seed distribution and resumption of livelihood, 75% were women.
- While providing training on the importance of vaccination and insurance, 200 participants were women out of 600 participants.