Project Title: Disaster Risk Reducation and Humanitarian Preparedness Project
Supporting agency: Oxfam in Nepal
Project Period: April 1, 2017 to March 31, 2018
Project Target Area:
- Ishnath Municipality - 1 (Banjaraha)
- Katahariya Municipality - 2, 4 & 5 (Katahariya & Hathiyahi)
- Rajdevi Municipality - 3, 4 & 6 (Rajdevi & Basatpur)
- Rajpur Municipality - 2 (Fatuha Maheshpur)
- Paroha Municipality - 1, 2 & 4 (Laukaha, Jingdawa & Belbichhawa)
Rautahat district is highly prone to natural hazards such as floods, cold wave, fires & extreme weather events. Disaster preparedness activities are important as a precursor for a more effective humanitarian response and for reducing humanitarian caseloads during disasters. According to the vulnerability assessment report published by UNDP in 2004, Rautahat District has been categorized as a highly vulnerable district in terms of water induced disaster i.e. flood. Bagmati, Jhaj, Lalbakaiya, Lamaha, Kamdehi and Chadi are the major rivers which generally affect several municipalities of the district every year during rainy season. Previous experience shows that there had been significant losses in lives and property along with displacement and damage of physical infrastructure due to flood. Similarly, during and after flood due to lack of purified drinking water and sanitation facilities, people suffered from different kind of water and faecal borne diseases.
Considering the previous experience, it is estimated that 29,808 persons (4,968 families) from flood prone areas will be affected by flood every year. Likewise, it is estimated that 4,536 persons (756 families) will be completely internally displaced.
Disaster Risk Management and Humanitarian Preparedness Project has built the capacity for disaster preparedness for better response, enhancing the adaptive capacity and resilience of the communities to Climate Change Adaptation (CCA) and Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR). The program has also put its efforts to institutionalize the District Network of Disaster Affected Communities (DNCDMC) and to empower women for leadership skill in DRR/CCA analysis. The project is being implemented according to multi hazard approach; as it has also addressed the water, sanitation and hygiene issues of the community. Due to the trend of flood hazard was increasing across the district affecting most of the municipalities, the program was designed to address the potential effects of hazards adopting the community based disaster risk reduction approach though in the beginning, interventions were designed in order to mitigate the effects of flood as the flood was most prominent hazards across the district. Program modality had been more focused on mainstreaming disaster through municipality level planning process. Similarly, WEGs were enrolled in local cooperatives and these cooperatives are supposed to advocate mitigation related issues with local governmental body.
In this project, community had been trained for the disaster preparedness, response and cooping the local risk that they face in future. Community have engaged in the WEG and WEG is converted into Cooperatives and now became the leader of their own resource. Women were the major pillar of this project and they have developed their leadership skill for decision making process of local government.
- Saving lives now and in future with enhanced resilience for vulnerable women & men and risk of coping with disaster.
- Local level, Cooperatives, WEGs, WDMC, W-WASH-CCs, Municipalities, Schools, Female Community Health Volunteer (FCHV)s, Child clubs and others potential Stakeholders.
Total Beneficiaries of Project:
- A total of 4,681 key stakeholders got benefited directly by the program.
- Out of 4,681, females were 44.6% where as 55.4% was male beneficiaries.
- 17.34% were Muslim whereas Dalit were 16.57%.
- Community based disaster risk reduction strengthened
- Improved preparedness and response to disasters
- Strengthened Cooperatives for improved service delivery
- MEAL (Monitoring Evaluation, Accountability and Learning)
- Target communities and institutions are able to protect lives and livelihood assets and establish preparedness mechanism for effective emergency response and quick recovery from disasters.
- Enhanced humanitarian capacity of organization and related district and community stakeholders to prepare for and respond to emergencies.
- Vulnerable community and district stakeholders effectively raise their voices for their rights in crisis and participate to implement existing policies and guidelines like LDRMP and DDRMP as well as advocate and lobby to endorse DM bill.
- Coordination and cooperation approach are the vital component for the success of the project.
- Door to door and daudaha toli visit is best practices of ODF campaign.
- Awareness and rescue materials support save lives of people.
- Multi hazard approach modality has effective and fruitful results.