Project Title: Disaster Risk Reduction and Humanitarian Preparedness Project
Supporting agency: Oxfam in Nepal
Project Period: April 1, 2018 to March 31, 2019
Project Target Area:
• Ishnath Municipality - 1 (Banjaraha)
• Katahariya Municipality - 2, 4 & 5 (Katahariya & Hathiyahi)
• Rajdevi Municipality - 3, 4 & 6 (Rajdevi & Basatpur)
• Rajpur Municipality - 2 (Fatuha Maheshpur)
• Paroha Municipality - 1, 2 (Jingdawa & Belbichhawa)
Rautahat district is highly prone to natural hazards such as floods, fires & extreme weather events. Disaster preparedness activities are important as it is vital for building a more equitable and sustainable future. Making investments in prevention and preparedness including civil defense exercises is a necessary part of systematic efforts to increase resilience to disaster. According to the vulnerability assessment report published by UNDP in 2004, Rautahat District has been categorized as a highly vulnerable district in terms of water induced disaster i.e. flood. Bagmati, Jhanjh, Lalbakaiya, Lamaha, and Chadni are the major rivers which generally affect several municipalities of the district every year during rainy season. There had been significant losses in lives and property along with displacement and damage of physical infrastructure due to flood during previous years. People suffered from different kind of water and fecal borne diseases during and after flood due to lack of purified drinking water and sanitation facilities.
This project is comprehensive package including DRR, WASH and livelihood component initiatives. During the period it has accomplished 21 orientation events, 51 meetings, 28 trainings, 7 awareness activities, 2 simulation exercise, 4 ODF related activities, 1 WDCRP plan development, 2 workshop, 2 monitoring activities and 1 multi-purpose evacuation centre construction. The program has also put its efforts to institutionalize the disaster management activities through local level government engagement in disaster management through committee formation and plan development.
Disaster Risk Management and Preparedness refers to measures taken to prepare for and reduce the effects of disasters. That is, to predict and, where possible, prevent disasters, mitigate their impact on vulnerable populations, and respond to and effectively cope with their consequences. Disaster Risk Management and Humanitarian Preparedness Project has built the capacity for disaster preparedness for better response, enhancing the adaptive capacity and resilience of the communities to Climate Change Adaptation (CCA) and Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR). The program has also put its efforts to institutionalize the District Network of Disaster Affected Communities (DNCDMC) and to empower women for leadership skill in DRR/CCA analysis. The project is being implemented according to multi hazard approach; as it has also addressed the water, sanitation and hygiene issues of the community. The program was designed to address the potential effects of hazards adopting the community based disaster risk reduction approach though in the beginning, interventions were designed in order to mitigate the effects of flood as the flood was most prominent hazards across the district
In this project, community had been trained for the disaster preparedness, response and cooping the local risk that they face in future. Community have engaged in the WEG and WEG is converted into Cooperatives and now became the leader of their own resource. Women were the major pillar of this project and they have developed their leadership skill for decision making process of local government.
To increase the resilience of livelihoods through the prevention of natural disasters.
Local level, Cooperatives, WEGs, WDMC, W-WASH-CCs, Municipalities, Schools, Female Community Health Volunteer (FCHV)s, Child clubs and others potential Stakeholders.
Total Beneficiaries of Project:
• A total of 4,970 key stakeholders got benefited directly by the program.
• Out of 4,970 stakeholders, male and female beneficiaries were 52.33% and 47.67% respectively.
• Community based disaster risk reduction strengthened by providing orientation on disaster management act, preparedness activities for flood, cold wave, fire and approached for establishment of emergency fund through 25 events, where total 460 males and 248 females participated.
• Improved WASH preparedness and response to disasters in the district by enrolling local government elected bodies, WEG & cooperative members, WDMC members in 6 events of emergency WASH training, a fecal sludge management training. WASH structure was formed and were mobilized in achieving the open defecation free (ODF) zone, which ultimately contributed to declare ODF district.
• Strengthened Cooperatives to support livelihood of marginalized, poor, vulnerable families of disaster prone areas by organizing a start and improve your business (SIYB) training for 39 selected cooperative’s members, local government elected women members and WEG members which has enhanced the knowledge of participants to assessed their own strength, types of business interest and possibility of that business in their locality.
• Training on gender equality and social inclusion was organized to enhanced the knowledge on gender equality and social inclusion and provide orientation about the new law regarding gender based violence and social inclusion issues to WEG members where 3078 female participants were engaged out of 7105 direct beneficiaries.
•Emergency fund was utilized to procure emergency search and rescue materials that would be mobilized in the emergency situation which was hand over in presence of Chief District Officer, Nepal Army, Nepal Police, DRR Sectoral organizations
• Both high risks communities (urban and rural), have reduced their disaster risks and become more resilient to the effects of natural disaster and climate related shocks.
• Local government mainstreams DRR policies, plan and budget and implements DRR planning guidelines ensuring GESI.
• Community has prepared Go Bag and locally made live saving jacket, which is useful in the emergency situation. It has helped in improving the ability of vulnerable communities to cope with disasters using community-based disaster preparedness strategies.
• Establishing and building the capacity of alliances and networks through DPRP, simulation exercise to carry out effective disaster preparedness and response measures.