Rautahat is one of the district of Province number two of Nepal where majorities of people are under the poverty line. Still farming is the main profession and source of income for nearly 80% of people. Majority of farmers are doing vegetable and goat farming since ages but they do not have any technical skill and knowledge due to which they could not achieve decent income from their profession.
With the financial support of UKAid & ADRA UK and technical support of ADRA Nepal, IDE Nepal and FORWARD Nepal, Rural Development Centre Nepal successfully implemented Enhancing Livelihoods of Smallholder Farmers in Central Terai Districts of Nepal (ELIVES) Project in Rautahat district from April 2015 to March 2018.
To empower the small holder farmers by providing technical knowledge regarding the goat and vegetable sub-sector by conducting different types of technical trainings, support in coordination and linkage with the line agencies.
Supported by: Adra, FORWARD, IDE
Chandrapur, Dumariya Simara Bhawanipur, Kanakpur, Pratappur paltuwa, Shakuawa Dhamaura, Raghunathpur and Bishrampur VDCs of Rautahat district.
Poor, vulnerable and marginalized farmers.
- Nearly 60% (1250 out of 2320) households prepared and used improved shed for using local resources for keeping goat which saved the waste of fodder and nutrients.
- 150 farmer’s groups have been registered in DADO (113 goat groups) and DLSO (37 vegetable groups) for additional services like small programs from other sources to strengthen their business plan.
- 40 Business Literacy Classes had been completed. 722 participants expanded their business of vegetable farming and goat farming. Majorities of groups started goat production & sale, vegetable farming and started other business activities such as small shop, tailoring, cosmetics into their home areas.
- Groups members' knowledge enhanced on breed and breed management. 98 breed bucks were supported to groups. Average income from goat’s sale was 85,000 to 1,00,000 per year. Success rate of AI was 41%.
- 1200 HHs of sixty goat groups' members were supported of Iron and Zinc Lentil seed and440 HHs of flood affected areas were supported by 2 kg lentil seed.
- 3,017 participants gained knowledge of group dynamic mechanisms, how to encourage groups for saving and taking loan and benefits through 150 Group Management and Savings and Credit Trainings.
- 4,50,000 fodder and forage were planted into 12 clusters.
- 25 ultra-poor farmers earned NRs.3,12,500 from vegetable farming by use of MIT (dheki pump) irrigation. In working areas, famers were applying different types of MIT (hand pipe, dheki pump and dip boring).
- Using improved shed for keeping goats saved the waste fodder and nutrients which helped in preventing of around 60% disease.
- Farmer groups initiated their business and started to increase income by 80,000 to 300,000 per year. Farmers had been empowered and taking part actively on decision making process into their houses.
- Due to Iron and Zinc Lentil seed support, goat production increased by three times.
- Majorities of groups were able to do meeting minutes without support from others.
- Groups started to discuss on their needs and problems within a group and started to linkage to other stakeholders.
- Group's member had increased capacity to calculate and manage small business.
- Project activities supported to strengthen capacity of the farmers. So groups members were able to search resource from other source besides the project.
- Business Literacy Class (BLS) participants are increasing the vegetable farming and goat raising business. They are also involved in other additional business activities such as shops, cosmetics and tailoring etc. It also helps them to learn how to do business and promote business for increasing income.
- There is positive response by goat raising farmers about the mineral blocks. By observing the health benefits in their goats, farmers are eager to make additional mineral blocks.
- Use of more attractive and pictorial manual would be easy to understand the contents easily for the beneficiaries.
The trainings regarding vegetable farming and Goat rearing provided technical information to the small holder farmers for enhancing their productivity and economic status by boosting them up to the commercial level. Similarly, coordination and linkages development between the small farmers and line agencies helped in making these positive changes sustainable in the community. After the project, farmers are starting to apply IPM techniques and tools in their vegetable farming and improved management practices in Goat rearing.